As we know the etiology of such disease is thought to be multifactorial with a strong genetic liability. The most common causes of ADHD are genetics, pre- and perinatal risk factors, environmental toxins.


Twin and adoption studies have shown that heritability of ADHD is around 70%. The way ADHD is inherited is likely to be complex and is not thought to be related to a single genetic fault.⠀ However, environmental risk factors appear to play a role in the development of the disorder. They are:

Pre- and perinatal risk factors

  • maternal stress,
  • smoking or alcohol consumption during pregnancy
  • low birth weight,
  • prematurity;

Environmental toxins:

  • organophosphates,
  • polychlorinated biphenyls,
  • lead.

There is no evidence that ADHD is caused by:⠀

✔ eating too much sugar;

✔ food additives;

✔ allergies ;

✔ immunizations.

What is the difference: ADHD and active?

Many ADHD symptoms, such as high activity levels, difficulty remaining still for long periods of time, and limited attention spans, are common to young children in general. Many kids can’t sit still, refuse to wait for their turn, or have trouble listening. This could just be a normal part of children’s’ development. And parents often don’t understand, do their children have ADHD or not? Should they go to a doctor? Maybe, should they need to change their way of upbringing? So, what’s the difference between a very active child and a child with ADHD? How can you tell if it’s ADHD or normal kid behavior?

According to DSM-5 in children with ADHD, their hyperactivity and inattention are present across all situations — at home, at school, at play, and cause distress and problems functioning everywhere.

The child with ADHD is often unable to take part in leisure activities quietly, he often runs about or climbs in situations where it is not appropriate, he often leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expected and etc. He presents with distractibility, hyperactivity, and poor self-control. Health children are able to play social roles and these roles are often different at home, at school, etc. If the child is also able to control his impulses and emotions, pay attention, and respond appropriately in school and at home, he is probably just an energetic individual, and he isn’t affected by ADHD.

Pigpug — is the solution that helps kids with ADHD to self-control their brain and to learn how to come down or how to keep attention. We focus on ongoing neurofeedback therapy that helps children to train their brains playing games on our platform. We provide not only a platform with games but also a headset, that helps us to get information about kid’s brain activity in real-time. We transfer data from the headset to a tablet and we can manage neurofeedback sessions and help a kid to understand how does the concentration feels. Moreover, neurofeedback gives long term results and we see progress after only 5–6 sessions. In the next posts, we will share more about our technology and about our real users’ cases. Let’s stay in touch!

Anastasiya Kuzniatsova M.D., Child Neurologist
Polina Santsevich CMO



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